The liver is a multifunctional organ lying on the right side of the abdomen under the rib cage. It works to digest food, metabolize certain drugs and even store the nutrients. It detoxifies and chemically breaks down many medications, alcohol and other harmful toxins in the bloodstream. The purpose of this blog post is to aware those who think or believe that If they don’t drink alcohol then they will not face any liver problem. However, the majority of deaths due to liver problems are non-alcoholic. see 6 Reasons Why People Face Liver Problems Even If They Don’t Drink?
#1. Bad eating habits
- Unfortunately, the food we love to eat is the main culprit and it is believed that the majority of our diseases are associated with bad eating habits.
- Processed food, refined sugar, caffeine and drugs harm not only the liver but all the other organs as well. Avoid eating Trans fat, not only it leads to the liver problem but can also cause heart problems. You need to detoxify your liver at least once a week by following order fluoxetine the liver detoxification diet.
- Excessive accumulation of fat can cause liver problems like enlargement of the liver. Fat storage in the liver to a certain level is normal but in some cases, it exceeds the acceptable limit of more than 5- 10 % of the organ weight, and this is when it becomes a problem.
- An acute fatty liver condition has also been identified in some expecting mothers, making it risky for both the mother and the baby. Treatment does not include any medication but just a shift towards a healthier lifestyle. If the cause is diabetes, then control it. Eat healthily and a low-carbohydrate diet helps.
#2. Viral or parasitic infection
- A major cause of liver problems is Hepatitis, an inflammatory disease caused by viral infection. Some viruses like hepatitis virus A, B, and C cause acute liver problems that often need to be addressed early enough before they can turn fatal.
- At times, the liver problem may be presented as a chronic problem. Contaminated food, water or even through direct contact with an infectious person can cause Hepatitis A and it does not become chronic. Symptomatic palliative treatments are advised in cases of acute viral hepatitis(hepatitis A) where bed rest could benefit the patient, along with proper frequent calorie intake.
- However, Hepatitis B and C can cause both acute and chronic disease. It is caused by a virus which is transmitted through contact with the blood or other body fluids of an infected person and is potentially life-threatening.
- In Hepatitis B and C infections, proper blood screening is required. Anti-viral medications are also given in chronic cases to stop the replication of viruses, hence decrease progression of this disease.
#3. Autoimmune Hepatitis
- Many people suffer liver problems due to autoimmune hepatitis where the body’s defense mechanism faces an issue with recognizing its own cells and starts to destroy them. Autoimmune hepatitis is one such autoimmune disease that leads to liver problems.
- There is no specific cause of this disease documented to date. It can take a severe form and cause liver cirrhosis.
Disclaimer: “Follow your doctor advice before taking any drugs “
- The first line of treatment includes corticosteroids, either given alone or in combination with Azathioprine. The latter drug is given in those patients who have a mutation of the genes coding for TPMT which can eventually cause bone marrow suppression. The course of disease progression is same in both symptomatic and asymptomatic patients, so the treatment with these drugs should be started in both cases.
#4. Hemochromatosis (Iron overload)
- Hemochromatosis refers to a genetic disorder that is inherited from either of the parents. The patient experiences iron load built up in the liver which does not clear by itself. This can lead to liver damage.
- Treatment for this disease is focused on the removal of excess iron from the bloodstream by a procedure called Phlebotomy. This procedure includes removal of blood, half a liter each week for 2-3 consecutive weeks until the iron load decreases.
- Iron chelation therapy is another method that may be used to achieve similar results. In this method, treatment is done with medicines to remove the excess iron load. This is the best option for those who cannot go for a blood removal due to anemia or any heart problem.
#5. Wilson’s disease
- It is a rare genetic disease that is caused by the gene mutation in the Wilson-Disease Protein (ATP-7B gene). A defected gene is inherited from either the mother or father and predisposes a person to this disease.
- As this is a disease due to copper overload, treatment is focused on taking a diet that is low in copper content as well as medications that help stop the absorption of copper. Penicillamine is used as the first line of treatment and many other medications are prescribed along with a proper diet plan to the patients.
#6 Drug-induced inflammation
- Many over the counter drugs, vitamins, hormones etc. when taken excessively may cause inflammation of the liver (Hepatitis).
- Some drugs like acetaminophen, amiodarone and their excessive dosage are the main reason for such a problem. But other drugs might also have an idiosyncratic reaction whose cause is unknown and causes inflammation of the liver. Drugs which may cause liver inflammation are:
- Don’t consume any drug without the prescription of your doctor. Excessive consumption not only causes liver problems but can also damage your kidneys.
- The best way to treat this problem is to stop using the drug responsible for it. In case of acute hepatitis, a patient is advised to rest, avoid exertion, take plenty of fluids and a healthy diet.
Many people suffer from liver problems globally and alcohol has been attributed to many of these conditions. However, all the above-mentioned causes lead to liver problems.